What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?

Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.

 

A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.

 

There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:

Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia is a low sodium level in the blood. Symptoms can vary from none to in mild cases a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor balance. Severe symptoms include confusion, seizures, and coma.

Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia is a low level of potassium in the blood serum. Mildly cases do not typically cause symptoms but in more severe cases symptoms may include feeling tired, leg cramps, weakness, and constipation. It increases the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm such as bradycardia and cardiac arrest.

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing's syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms due to prolonged exposure to cortisol. Signs and symptoms may include: high blood pressure, abdominal obesity but with thin arms and legs, reddish stretch marks, a round red face, a fat lump between the shoulders, weak muscles, weak bones, acne, and fragile skin that heals poorly. Women may have more hair and irregular menstruation. Occasionally there may be changes in mood, headaches, and a chronic feeling of tiredness.