What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?
Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.
A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.
There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:
Hyperprolactinaemia is the presence of abnormally high levels of prolactin in the blood. It may cause galactorrhea and disruptions in the normal menstrual period in women and hypogonadism, infertility and erectile dysfunction in men.
A goitre or goiter is a swelling of the neck or larynx resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland (thyromegaly), associated with a thyroid gland that is not functioning properly.
Hypoparathyroidism is decreased function of the parathyroid glands with underproduction of parathyroid hormone. This can lead to low levels of calcium in the blood, often causing cramping and twitching of muscles or involuntary muscle contraction.