What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?

Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.

 

A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.

 

There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:

Hyperprolactinaemia

Hyperprolactinaemia is the presence of abnormally high levels of prolactin in the blood. It may cause galactorrhea and disruptions in the normal menstrual period in women and hypogonadism, infertility and erectile dysfunction in men.

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions:

  • abdominal (central) obesity
  • elevated blood pressure
  • elevated fasting plasma glucose
  • high serum triglycerides
  • low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels

Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Hirsutism

Hirsutism is excessive body hair in men and women on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal, such as on the chin or chest in particular, or the face or body in general. It may refer to a male pattern of hair growth that may be a sign of a more serious medical condition.