What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?

Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.

 

A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.

 

There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of a hormone by the thyroid gland.Symptoms vary between people and may include irritability, muscle weakness, sleeping problems, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, diarrhea, enlargement of the thyroid, and weight loss. Symptoms are typically less in the old and during pregnancy.

Hypocalcaemia

Hypocalcaemia is low calcium levels in the blood Mildly cases that develop slowly often have no symptoms but in more extreme cases symptoms may include numbness, muscle spasms, seizures, confusion, or cardiac arrest.

Hyperkalemia

Hyperkalemia is an elevated level of potassium in the blood serum. Mild cases typically results in no symptoms, however, severe cases result in palpitations, muscle pain, muscle weakness, or numbness. An abnormal heart rate can occur which can result in cardiac arrest and death.