What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?

Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.

 

A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.

 

There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions:

  • abdominal (central) obesity
  • elevated blood pressure
  • elevated fasting plasma glucose
  • high serum triglycerides
  • low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels

Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Hyperkalemia

Hyperkalemia is an elevated level of potassium in the blood serum. Mild cases typically results in no symptoms, however, severe cases result in palpitations, muscle pain, muscle weakness, or numbness. An abnormal heart rate can occur which can result in cardiac arrest and death.

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, nonketotic hyperosmolar coma, or death. Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.