What are Endocrine and Medtabolic Disorders?
Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control.
A metabolic disorder affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. They can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process. It can also be defined as inherited single gene anomaly, most of which are autosomal recessive.
There are many different kinds of metabolic and endocrine disorders, including:
Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions:
- abdominal (central) obesity
- elevated blood pressure
- elevated fasting plasma glucose
- high serum triglycerides
- low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels
Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
Hypoparathyroidism is decreased function of the parathyroid glands with underproduction of parathyroid hormone. This can lead to low levels of calcium in the blood, often causing cramping and twitching of muscles or involuntary muscle contraction.
Osteopenia is a condition in which bone mineral density is lower than normal. It is considered by many doctors to be a precursor to osteoporosis. However, not every person diagnosed with osteopenia will develop osteoporosis.